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Class XII Sociology Syllabus
Friday,21 September 2012

Indian Society

Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society

  • Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community

Unit 2: Demographic Structure and Indian Society

  • Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions

Unit 3: Social Institutions: Continuity & Change

  • Family and Kinship
  • The Caste System

Unit 4: Market as a Social Institution

  • Market as a Social Institution

Unit 5: Pattern of Social Inequality & Exclusion

  • Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes


Practical Examination

A. Project

i. Statement of the purpose: 2 marks

ii. Methodology / Technique: 2 marks

iii. Conclusion: 3 marks

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B. Viva - based on the project work


C. Research design

i. Overall format: 1 mark

ii Research Question/Hypothesis : 1 mark

iii. Choice of technique: 2 mark

iv. Detailed procedure for implementation of technique: 2 mark

v. Limitations of the above technique: 2 mark


  • Marginalization of Tribal Communities
  •  The Struggle for Women’s Equality
  • The Protection of Religious Minorities
  • Caring for the Differently Abled

Unit 6: The Challenges Of Cultural Diversity

  • Problems of Communalism, Regionalism, Casteism & Patriarchy
  • Role of the State in a Plural and Unequal Society
  • What We Share

Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work

B. Change and Development in India

Unit 8: Structural Change

  • Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization.

Unit 9: Cultural Change

  • Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization.
  • Social Reform Movements & Laws

Unit 10: The Story Of Democracy

  • The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
  • Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
  • Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation

Unit 11: Change and Development in Rural Society

  • Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Agrarian Society

Unit 12: Change and Development In Industrial Society

  • From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
  • Changes in the Class Structure

Unit 13: Globalization and Social Change

Unit 14: Mass Media and Communication Process

Unit 15: Social Movements

  • Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants.
  • Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste Responses.
  • Women’s Movements in Independent India.
  • Tribal Movements.
  • Environmental Movements.

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